FABRICS OF INDIA
- Posted on Oct 11, 2017
Cotton– The Indian subcontinent is home for the cotton crop.The art of weaving and dying of cotton was known in India some 5000 years ago.Cotton fabrics are woven throughout the length and breadth of India.
Chanderi– Chanderi is noted for fine cotton saris.In this fabric, the wrap is silk and weft is cotton.
Jamdani– This weave is practiced in Varanasi.In this, the twisted yarn is closely woven together.Earlier this technique was woven for the Indian nobles.
Silk Sarees-In India Varanasi is one of the most famous silk weaving centers. The specialty of the region is heavy gold brocade. The Baluchar technique of weaving is famous in Murshidabad district of West Bengal. Kanjeepuram, Tanjore, and Kumbakonam are important silk centers in Tamilnadu.
Tie and Dye Fabrics– India has a great variety of BANDHANI, tie and dye fabrics. This involves a good mastery overdyeing. In India, the important centers for this technique are Kutch Bhuj & Mandvi in Gujarat. In Rajasthan Jodhpur, Jaipur and Sikar are famous for the finest Bandhanis, Lahriya, and Mothra.
Hand printed and painted Fabrics – Various methods of printing like direct printing, resist printing and screen printing are practiced in India. In a printing called kalamkari, the cloth is painted by using a pen with dyes and mordants. These days modern techniques like digital printing are very popular which is done with expensive machines and also cost more.